The key to mathematical development is an awareness of the value of number. Children who can visualise mathematical problems are usually more able to solve complex problems and apply their understanding to unfamiliar puzzles. 

From an early age, counting is vital to support this development however there are specific skills that need to be developed within counting itself. For more information about developing earlier counting skills, click here. 

At Sapperton, we use a range of resources to teach maths including Numicon, Cuisenaire, counters,  cubes and bead strings. These all help children to develop an awareness of the comparative value of numbers to each other. 

As maths resources are often just fun to play with, having some at home would be both enjoyable and educational. Below are links to some websites for the sort of equipment that we use in school. 




Times Tables Rocks 


 All children from Year 1 to 6 have access to TTrocks which helps them to practise their times tables. All children have a unique login - please ask if you need a new one - which means that they play various games and develop their Rock Star!!

In Year 2, 3 and 4, children have different times tables that they are taught and expected to try and learn. 

Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4
count in 2s, 5s & 10s












At the end of Year 4, all children sit an online check of their knowledge of the times tables to up to 12. This is a national check for all children. On TTrocks, the Soundcheck game is very similar to the end of year check as it gives 6 seconds to answer each of 25 questions with a 3 second rest.  

Maths at each stage.

As in all areas, children develop at different rates in their understanding of maths. However, the National Curriculum outlines the expectations for each year group. Obviously, some children will be able to do certain aspects at an earlier stage than others but this document outlines the focus for teaching number for each year group. 

The National Curriculum in Mathematics